The following will take you through the steps required to install

  1. Download the appropriate install option:

  2. Install

    • Flash the downloaded image to an SD card using balenaEtcher. If using a Pi we recommend at least a 32 GB SD card to avoid running out of space. On Virtual machine platforms, provide at least 32 GB of disk space for the VM.
    • Load the appliance image into your virtual machine software. Choose 64-bit Linux and UEFI boot.
  3. Optional - set up the WiFi or static IP. There are two possible places for that:

    • on a blank USB stick with a FAT32 partition having partition label CONFIG, while in its root directory, create the network/my-network file, or
    • on the SD card’s first, bootable partition (labeled hassio-boot, might not be auto mounted in Linux) create the CONFIG/network/my-network file.

    For the content of this file, follow the HassOS howto.

  4. For image-based installs insert the SD card (and optional USB stick) into the device.

  5. Turn on your device or virtual appliance. On first boot, it downloads the latest version of Home Assistant which takes around 20 minutes (slower/faster depending on the platform and your Internet connection).

  6. You will be able to reach your installation at http://hassio.local:8123 (if your router supports mDNS, otherwise see below).

  7. It is important to provide yourself proper access, including the CLI tools. Both the Samba add-on and the SSH add-on should be the first add-ons you should install, before making changes to the configuration in the /config/ folder. From the UI choose, which is located in the sidebar and then the add-on store.

If your router doesn’t support mDNS, then you’ll have to use the IP address of your Pi instead of hassio.local. For example, You should be able to find the IP address of your Pi from the admin interface of your router.

If you are using a Raspberry Pi please remember to ensure you’re using an appropriate power supply with your Pi. Mobile chargers may not be suitable since some were only designed to provide just enough power to the device it was designed for by the manufacturer. Do not try to power the Pi from the USB port on a TV, computer, or similar.

Now you can configure your install.

Updating a installation

Best practice for updating a installation:

  1. Backup your installation, using the snapshot functionality offers.
  2. Check the release notes for breaking changes on Home Assistant release notes. Be sure to check all release notes between the version you are running and the one you are upgrading to. Use the search function in your browser (CTRL + f) and search for Breaking Changes.
  3. Check your configuration using the Check Home Assistant configuration add-on.
  4. If the check passes, you can safely update. If not, update your configuration accordingly.
  5. Select Dashboard from the menu, and then select Update.

Run a specific version on

SSH to your system, or connect to the console, and run:

hassio ha update --version=0.XX.X

Run the beta version on

If you would like to test next release before anyone else, you can install the beta version released every three weeks:

  1. Backup your installation, using the snapshot functionality offers.
  2. Check the Home Assistant RC release notes for breaking changes. Be sure to check all release notes between the version you are running and the one you are upgrading to. Use the search function in your browser (CTRL + f) and search for Breaking Changes.
  3. Select System tab from the menu, then select Join Beta Channel under supervisor, then select Reload.
  4. Select Dashboard tab from the menu, and then select Update.

Alternative: install on a generic Linux host

For advanced users, it is also possible to try on your Linux server or inside a virtual machine. Examples given here are tested on Ubuntu and Arch Linux, but the instructions should work as a guideline for installing on other Linux distrubutions.

The packages you need to have available on your system that will run may vary.


  • apparmor-utils
  • apt-transport-https
  • avahi-daemon
  • ca-certificates
  • curl
  • dbus
  • jq
  • socat
  • software-properties-common


  • network-manager

Without the NetworkManager, you will be not able to control your host network setup over the UI. The modemmanager package will interfere with any Z-Wave or Zigbee stick and should be removed or disabled. Failure to do so will result in random failures of those integrations. For example you can disable with sudo systemctl disable ModemManager and remove with sudo apt-get purge modemmanager

Arch Linux

  • apparmor
  • avahi
  • ca-certificates
  • curl
  • dbus
  • docker
  • jq
  • socat

You also need to have Docker-CE installed. There are well-documented procedures for installing Docker on Ubuntu at, you can find installation steps for your Linux distribution in the menu on the left.

Some distributions, like Ubuntu, have a package available. Using that packages will cause issues! Be sure to install the official Docker-CE from the above listed URL.

Docker is not always ready with a release when a new Ubuntu version is out. Check if your version of Ubuntu is supported by docker here.


To prepare your machine for the installation, run the following commands:

For Ubuntu:

add-apt-repository universe


sudo -i
apt-get install software-properties-common
apt-get update
apt-get install -y apparmor-utils apt-transport-https avahi-daemon ca-certificates curl dbus jq network-manager socat
systemctl disable ModemManager
curl -fsSL | sh

The following script will then install on a variety of operating systems and machine types.

curl -sL "" | bash -s

Some installation types require flags to identify the computer type, for example, when using a Raspberry Pi 3, the flag -- -m raspberrypi3 is required. The install script would then look like this:

curl -sL "" | bash -s -- -m raspberrypi3

Other machine types

  • intel-nuc
  • raspberrypi
  • raspberrypi2
  • raspberrypi3
  • raspberrypi3-64
  • raspberrypi4
  • raspberrypi4-64
  • odroid-c2
  • odroid-cu2
  • odroid-xu
  • orangepi-prime
  • tinker
  • qemuarm
  • qemuarm-64
  • qemux86
  • qemux86-64

See the hassio-installer Github page for an up-to-date listing of supported machine types.

When you use this installation method, the core SSH add-on may not function correctly. If that happens, use the community SSH add-on. Some of the documentation might not work for your installation either.

A detailed guide about running as a virtual machine is available in the blog.