Follow this guide if you want to get started with Home Assistant easily or if you have little to no Linux experience
This guide assumes that you have a dedicated generic x86 PC (typically an Intel or AMD-based system) available to exclusively run Home Assistant Operating System. The system must be 64-bit capable and able to boot using UEFI. Pretty much all systems produced in the last 10 years support the UEFI boot mode.
You will need to write the HAOS (Home Assistant OS) disk image directly to your boot media, and then configure your x86 to boot from this media, using UEFI boot mode.
To boot Home Assistant OS the BIOS needs to have UEFI boot mode enabled and Secure Boot disabled. The following screenshots are from a 7th generation Intel NUC system. The BIOS menu will likely look different on your systems. However, the options should still be present and named similarly.
Enter the BIOS using the can enter using the
F2key (on some systems this might be
Make sure the UEFI Boot mode is enabled
Disable Secure Boot
As a next step, we need to write the Operating System image to the target boot media (Your “boot media” is the disk, SSD, or eMMC that your x86-64 hardware will boot from when it is running Home Assistant). Depending on your system this can be a S-ATA hard disk, S-ATA SSD, a M.2 SSD or even a eMMC. Home Assistant Operating System has no integrated installer. You need to use your Desktop computer (e.g. by using a USB to S-ATA adapter) or boot a live operating system on your target system to install Home Assistant Operating System, by writing the disk image directly onto the boot media for your x86 system.
If you prefer to use a live operating system, follow the instructions of your Live distribution (e.g., this Ubuntu guide). Once you booted the live operating system, the following steps on how to write the image to your boot media can be followed.
Attach the Home Assistant boot media (storage device) to your computer
Download and start Balena Etcher
Select “Flash from URL”
Get the URL for your Generic x86-64:
Select and copy the URL or use the “copy” button that appear when you hover it.
- Paste the URL for your Generic x86-64 into Balena Etcher and click “OK”
- Balena Etcher will now download the image, when that is done click “Select target”
- Select the storage device you want to use for your Generic x86-64
- Click on “Flash!” to start writing the image
- When Balena Etcher is finished writing the image you will get this confirmation
If you used your Desktop system to write to your boot media, install the boot media (storage device) into the target system. Otherwise, shutdown the live operating system and make sure to remove the USB flash drive you have been using for the live system.
Make sure an ethernet cable for network is plugged in
Power the system on.
Within a few minutes you will be able to reach Home Assistant on homeassistant.local:8123. If you are running an older Windows version or have a stricter network configuration, you might need to access Home Assistant at homeassistant:8123 or
http://X.X.X.X:8123(replace X.X.X.X with your Generic x86-64’s IP address).
With the Home Assistant Operating System installed and accessible you can continue with onboarding.
These below instructions are for an installation of Home Assistant Container running in your own container environment, which you manage yourself. Any OCI compatible runtime can be used, however this guide will focus on installing it with Docker.
This guide assumes that you already have an operating system setup and a container runtime installed (like Docker).
If you are using Docker then you need to be on at least version 19.03.9, ideally an even higher version, and
libseccomp 2.42 or newer.
Installation with Docker is straightforward. Adjust the following command so that
/PATH_TO_YOUR_CONFIG points at the folder where you want to store your configuration and run it.
docker run -d \ --name homeassistant \ --privileged \ --restart=unless-stopped \ -e TZ=MY_TIME_ZONE \ -v /PATH_TO_YOUR_CONFIG:/config \ --network=host \ ghcr.io/home-assistant/home-assistant:stable
# if this returns "Image is up to date" then you can stop here docker pull ghcr.io/home-assistant/home-assistant:stable
# stop the running container docker stop homeassistant
# remove it from Docker's list of containers docker rm homeassistant
# finally, start a new one docker run -d \ --name homeassistant \ --restart=unless-stopped \ --privileged \ -e TZ=MY_TIME_ZONE \ -v /PATH_TO_YOUR_CONFIG:/config \ --network=host \ ghcr.io/home-assistant/home-assistant:stable
Once the Home Assistant Container is running Home Assistant should be accessible using
If you change the configuration you have to restart the server. To do that you have 3 options.
- In your Home Assistant UI go to the Configuration panel -> Server management and click the “Restart” button.
- You can go to the Developer Tools -> Services, select the service
homeassistant.restartand click “Call Service”.
- Restart it from a terminal.
docker restart homeassistant
In order to use
docker-compose you first need to install
docker-compose on your system.
As the Docker command becomes more complex, switching to
docker-compose can be preferable and support automatically restarting on failure or system restart. Create a
version: '3' services: homeassistant: container_name: homeassistant image: "ghcr.io/home-assistant/home-assistant:stable" volumes: - /PATH_TO_YOUR_CONFIG:/config - /etc/localtime:/etc/localtime:ro restart: unless-stopped privileged: true network_mode: host
Start it by running:
docker-compose up -d
In order to use Z-Wave, Zigbee or other integrations that require access to devices, you need to map the appropriate device into the container. Ensure the user that is running the container has the correct privileges to access the
/dev/tty* file, then add the device mapping to your container instructions:
docker run ... --device /dev/ttyUSB0:/dev/ttyUSB0 ...
version: '3' services: homeassistant: ... devices: - /dev/ttyUSB0:/dev/ttyUSB0
The Home Assistant Container is using an alternative memory allocation library jemalloc for better memory management and Python runtime speedup.
As jemalloc can cause issues on certain hardware, it can be disabled by passing the environment variable
DISABLE_JEMALLOC with any value, for example:
docker run ... -e "DISABLE_JEMALLOC=true" ...
version: '3' services: homeassistant: ... environment: DISABLE_JEMALLOC: true
The error message
<jemalloc>: Unsupported system page size is one known indicator.
This guide assumes that you already have an operating system setup and have installed Python 3.8 (including the package
python3-dev) or newer.
Before you start make sure your system is fully updated, all packages in this guide are installed with
apt, if your OS does not have that, look for alternatives.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade -y
Install the dependencies:
sudo apt-get install -y python3 python3-dev python3-venv python3-pip libffi-dev libssl-dev libjpeg-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf build-essential libopenjp2-7 libtiff5 libturbojpeg tzdata
Add an account for Home Assistant Core called
Since this account is only for running Home Assistant Core the extra arguments of
-rm is added to create a system account and create a home directory.
-G dialout,gpio,i2c adds the user to the
gpio and the
i2c group. The first is required for using Z-Wave and Zigbee controllers, while the second is required to communicate with GPIO.
sudo useradd -rm homeassistant -G dialout,gpio,i2c
First we will create a directory for the installation of Home Assistant Core and change the owner to the
sudo mkdir /srv/homeassistant sudo chown homeassistant:homeassistant /srv/homeassistant
Next up is to create and change to a virtual environment for Home Assistant Core. This will be done as the
sudo -u homeassistant -H -s cd /srv/homeassistant python3.8 -m venv . source bin/activate
Once you have activated the virtual environment (notice the prompt change to
(homeassistant) [email protected]:/srv/homeassistant $) you will need to run the following command to install a required Python package.
python3 -m pip install wheel
Once you have installed the required Python package it is now time to install Home Assistant Core!
pip3 install homeassistant
Start Home Assistant Core for the first time. This will complete the installation for you, automatically creating the
.homeassistant configuration directory in the
/home/homeassistant directory, and installing any basic dependencies.
You can now reach your installation via the web interface on
If this address doesn’t work you may also try
http://X.X.X.X:8123 (replace X.X.X.X with your machines’ IP address).
When you run the
hass command for the first time, it will download, install and cache the necessary libraries/dependencies. This procedure may take anywhere between 5 to 10 minutes. During that time, you may get “site cannot be reached” error when accessing the web interface. This will only happen for the first time, and subsequent restarts will be much faster.