Install Home Assistant Operating System
After downloading, decompress the image. If the image comes in a ZIP file, for example, unzip it.
Follow this guide if you already are running a supported virtual machine hypervisor. If you are not familiar with virtual machines, install Home Assistant OS directly on a Home Assistant Yellow, a Raspberry Pi, or an ODROID.
Load the appliance image into your virtual machine hypervisor. (Note: You are free to assign as much resources as you wish to the VM, please assign enough based on your add-on needs).
Minimum recommended assignments:
- 2 GB RAM
- 32 GB Storage
All these can be extended if your usage calls for more resources.
- Create a new virtual machine.
- Select type Linux and version Linux 2.6 / 3.x / 4.x (64-bit).
- Under Hardware, select the amount of memory and number of CPUs. Then, select Enable EFI.
- Make sure EFI is enabled. If EFI is not enabled, HAOS won’t boot.
- Under Hard Disk, select Use an existing virtual hard disk file, select the unzipped VDI file from above.
- Then go to Network > Adapter 1. Choose Bridged Adapter and choose your network adapter.
By default, VirtualBox does not free up unused disk space. To automatically shrink the vdi disk image
discard option must be enabled using your host machine’s terminal:
VBoxManage storageattach <VM name> --storagectl "SATA" --port 0 --device 0 --nonrotational on --discard on
More details can be found about the command can be found here.
- Download the .qcow2 image above and decompress it. (Extract all in Windows)
- Store the image in the isos share on your server.
- Make sure under Settings > VM manager, Enable VMs is enabled.
- Create a new virtual machine: VMS > Add VM.
- Select type Linux and give the VM a name and a description.
- Select the CPU cores you want to let the VM use and give it some memory.
- Under Primary vDisk Location, select Manual and then select the qcow2 image.
- Select your keyboard language under VM Console Keyboard.
- Select br0 under Network Source.
- Select virtio under Network model.
- Select any USB-devices that you want to pass through to Home Assistant, such as Zigbee- or Z-Wave controllers.
- Deselect Start VM after creation.
- Select Create.
- Select the name of your new VM and select the capacity number for your disk. Here, you can expand the disk to whatever your needs are. The default is 32 GB.
- Select the icon of your new VM and select start with console (VNC).
- Create a new virtual machine in
- Select Import existing disk image, provide the path to the QCOW2 image above.
- Choose Generic Default for the operating system.
- Check the box for Customize configuration before install.
- Under Network Selection, select your bridge.
- Under customization select Overview > Firmware > UEFI x86_64: …. Make sure to select a non-secureboot version of OVMF (does not contain the word
secboot, etc.), e.g.,
- Click Add Hardware (bottom left), and select Channel.
- Select device type: unix.
- Select name: org.qemu.guest_agent.0.
- Finally, select Begin Installation (upper left corner).
virt-install --name hass --description "Home Assistant OS" --os-variant=generic --ram=2048 --vcpus=2 --disk <PATH TO QCOW2 FILE>,bus=sata --import --graphics none --boot uefi
Bus 004 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub Bus 003 Device 004: ID 30c9:0052 Luxvisions Innotech Limited Integrated RGB Camera Bus 003 Device 003: ID 1a86:55d4 QinHeng Electronics SONOFF Zigbee 3.0 USB Dongle Plus V2 Bus 003 Device 002: ID 06cb:00fc Synaptics, Inc. Bus 003 Device 005: ID 8087:0033 Intel Corp. Bus 003 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub Bus 002 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0003 Linux Foundation 3.0 root hub Bus 001 Device 001: ID 1d6b:0002 Linux Foundation 2.0 root hub
You can recognize the Sonoff dongle at
Bus 003 Device 003. So the command to install the VM will become:
virt-install --name hass --description "Home Assistant OS" --os-variant=generic --ram=2048 --vcpus=2 --disk <PATH TO QCOW2 FILE>,bus=sata --import --graphics none --boot uefi --hostdev 003.003
Note that this configuration (bus 003, device 003) is just an example, your dongle could be on another bus and/or with another device ID.
Please check the correct IDs of your USB dongle with
- Start VMware Workstation and select Create a New Virtual Machine.
- Note: the exact name and location of the settings below depend on the VMware version. This procedure is based on version 17.
- Select I will install the operating system later, then select Linux > Other Linux 5.x kernel 64-bit.
- Give the VM a name,
home-assistant, and define an easy to reach storage location, such as
- Specify the disk size and select Store virtual disk as a single file.
- Select Customize Hardware.
- Define the amount of memory and the number of cores the VM is allowed to use.
- Remove the New CD/DVD entry. It will not be used.
- Connect an Ethernet cable and make sure it is connected to your network.
- Under Network adapter, select Bridged: Connected directly to the physical network.
- Make sure Replicate physical network connection state is not selected.
- Select Configure Adapters.
- Make sure all virtual adapters and Bluetooth devices are deselected.
- Select your host network adapter. Most likely, this is one of the first 2 checkboxes in the list:
- Select the one for Ethernet.
- The exact names of these adapters depend on your hardware.
- At the end of the wizard, select Finish.
- In Windows Explorer, navigate to the storage location of your newly created VM, for example under
- Delete the
- In the
Downloadsfolder, find the
- If you haven’t unzipped the archive, unzip it.
- Within the folder, find the
.vmdkfile and rename it to
- Paste the file (not the unzipped folder) into the
- Right-click the
.vmxfile and select Open with > Notepad.
.encoding, add a line. Enter
firmware = "efi".
- Now continue with the next step to start your VM.
- If you see a message about side channel mitigations, select OK.
- If you see a message stating that the
.vmdkfile could not be found, in step 3, you likely pasted the folder, not the file. Repeat step 3.
- Create a new virtual machine.
- Select Generation 2.
- Select Connection > Your Virtual Switch that is bridged.
- Select Use an existing virtual hard disk and select the VHDX file from above.
After creation, go to Settings > Security and deselect Enable Secure Boot.
- Start the virtual machine.
- Observe the boot process of the Home Assistant Operating System.
- Once completed, you will be able to reach Home Assistant on homeassistant.local:8123. If you are running an older Windows version or have a stricter network configuration, you might need to access Home Assistant at homeassistant:8123 or
http://X.X.X.X:8123(replace X.X.X.X with your ’s IP address).
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With the Home Assistant Operating System installed and accessible, you can continue with onboarding.
To install Home Assistant Core on Windows, you will need to use the Windows Subsystem for Linux (WSL). Follow the WSL installation instructions and install Ubuntu from the Windows Store.
As an alternative, Home Assistant OS can be installed in a Linux guest VM. Running Home Assistant Core directly on Windows is not supported.
This is an advanced installation process, and some steps might differ on your system. Considering the nature of this installation type, we assume you can handle subtle differences between this document and the system configuration you are using. When in doubt, please consider one of the other installation methods, as they might be a better fit instead.
This guide assumes that you already have an operating system setup and have installed Python 3.11 (including the package
python3-dev) or newer.
Before you start, make sure your system is fully updated, all packages in this guide are installed with
apt, if your OS does not have that, look for alternatives.
sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get upgrade -y
Install the dependencies:
sudo apt-get install -y python3 python3-dev python3-venv python3-pip bluez libffi-dev libssl-dev libjpeg-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf build-essential libopenjp2-7 libtiff6 libturbojpeg0-dev tzdata ffmpeg liblapack3 liblapack-dev libatlas-base-dev
The above-listed dependencies might differ or missing, depending on your system or personal use of Home Assistant.
Add an account for Home Assistant Core called
Since this account is only for running Home Assistant Core the extra arguments of
-rm is added to create a system account and create a home directory.
sudo useradd -rm homeassistant
First we will create a directory for the installation of Home Assistant Core and change the owner to the
sudo mkdir /srv/homeassistant sudo chown homeassistant:homeassistant /srv/homeassistant
Next up is to create and change to a virtual environment for Home Assistant Core. This will be done as the
sudo -u homeassistant -H -s cd /srv/homeassistant python3 -m venv . source bin/activate
Once you have activated the virtual environment (notice the prompt change to
(homeassistant) homeassistant@raspberrypi:/srv/homeassistant $) you will need to run the following command to install a required Python package.
python3 -m pip install wheel
Once you have installed the required Python package, it is now time to install Home Assistant Core!
pip3 install homeassistant==2023.12.1
Start Home Assistant Core for the first time. This will complete the installation for you, automatically creating the
.homeassistant configuration directory in the
/home/homeassistant directory, and installing any basic dependencies.
You can now reach your installation via the web interface on
If this address doesn’t work you may also try
http://X.X.X.X:8123 (replace X.X.X.X with your machines’ IP address).
When you run the
hass command for the first time, it will download, install and cache the necessary libraries/dependencies. This procedure may take anywhere between 5 to 10 minutes. During that time, you may get a site cannot be reached error when accessing the web interface. This will only happen the first time. Subsequent restarts will be much faster.