HomeKit


The HomeKit Bridge integration allows you to forward entities from Home Assistant to Apple HomeKit, so they can be controlled from Apple’s Home app and Siri. Please make sure that you have read the considerations listed below to save you some trouble later. However if you do encounter issues, check out the troubleshooting section.

If you want to control HomeKit only devices with Home Assistant, check out the HomeKit controller component.

To add HomeKit Bridge to your installation, go to Configuration >> Integrations in the UI, click the button with + sign and from the list of integrations select HomeKit Bridge.

If you need to use the entity_config, ip_address, or advertise_ip configuration options, HomeKit Bridge must be configured via your configuration.yaml file:

# Example configuration.yaml entry configuring HomeKit
homekit:
- filter:
    include_domains:
      - alarm_control_panel
      - light
      - media_player
    include_entities:
      - binary_sensor.living_room_motion
  entity_config:
    alarm_control_panel.home:
      code: 1234
    binary_sensor.living_room_motion:
      linked_battery_sensor: sensor.living_room_motion_battery
      low_battery_threshold: 31
    light.kitchen_table:
      name: Kitchen Table Light
    lock.front_door:
      code: 1234
    media_player.living_room:
      feature_list:
        - feature: on_off
        - feature: play_pause
        - feature: play_stop
        - feature: toggle_mute
    switch.bedroom_outlet:
      type: outlet
    camera.back_porch:
      support_audio: True
- name: HASS Bridge 2
  port: 56332
  filter:
    include_domains:
      - light

Configuration Variables

homekit

(map)(Required)

HomeKit configuration.

auto_start

(boolean)(Optional)

Flag if the HomeKit Server should start automatically after the Home Assistant Core Setup is done. (Disable Auto Start)

Default value:

true

port

(integer)(Optional)

Port for the HomeKit extension.

Default value:

51827

name

(string)(Optional)

Need to be individual for each instance of Home Assistant using the integration on the same local network. Between 3 and 25 characters. Alphanumeric and spaces allowed.

Default value:

Home Assistant Bridge

ip_address

(string)(Optional)

The local network IP address. Only necessary if the default from Home Assistant does not work.

safe_mode

(boolean)(Optional)

Only set this parameter if you encounter issues during pairing. (Safe Mode)

Default value:

false

zeroconf_default_interface

(boolean)(Required)

By default, zeroconf will attempt to bind to all interfaces. For systems running using network isolation or similar, this may result in HomeKit not being seen on the network. Change this option to true if HomeKit cannot be discovered.

Default value:

false

advertise_ip

(string)(Optional)

If you need to override the IP address used for mDNS advertisement. (For example, using network isolation in Docker and together with an mDNS forwarder like avahi-daemon in reflector mode)

filter

(map)(Optional)

Filters for entities to be included/excluded from HomeKit. (Configure Filter)

include_domains

(list)(Optional)

Domains to be included.

include_entities

(list)(Optional)

Entities to be included.

exclude_domains

(list)(Optional)

Domains to be excluded.

exclude_entities

(list)(Optional)

Entities to be excluded.

entity_config

(map)(Optional)

Configuration for specific entities. All subordinate keys are the corresponding entity ids to the domains, e.g., alarm_control_panel.alarm.

``

(map)(Optional)

Additional options for specific entities.

name

(string)(Optional)

Name of the entity to show in HomeKit. HomeKit will cache the name on the first run so the accessory must be reset for any change to take effect.

linked_battery_sensor

(string)(Optional)

The entity_id of a sensor entity to use as the battery of the accessory. HomeKit will cache an accessory’s feature set on the first run so a device must be reset for any change to take effect.

low_battery_threshold

(integer)(Optional)

Minimum battery level before the accessory starts reporting a low battery.

Default value:

20

code

(string)(Optional)

Code to arm / disarm an alarm or lock / unlock a lock. Only applicable for alarm_control_panel or lock entities.

Default value:

<No code>

feature_list

(list)(Optional)

Only for media_player entities. List of feature dictionaries to add for a given entity. Comparable to the platform schema.

feature

(string)(Required)

Name of the feature to add to the entity representation. Valid features are on_off, play_pause, play_stop and toggle_mute. The media_player entity must support the feature to be valid.

type

(string)(Optional)

Only for switch entities. Type of accessory to be created within HomeKit. Valid types are faucet, outlet, shower, sprinkler, switch and valve. HomeKit will cache the type on the first run so a device must be reset for any change to take effect.

Default value:

switch

stream_address

(string)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. The source IP address to use when streaming to RTP clients. If your Home Assistant host has multiple interfaces, selecting a specific IP may be necessary.

Default value:

local IP from Home Assistant

stream_source

(string)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. A URL, file or other valid FFmpeg input string to use as the stream source, rather than the default camera source. Required for camera entities that do not natively support streaming (MJPEG). If -i is not found in the stream source, it is prepended to construct the FFmpeg input.

Default value:

stream source from camera entity

support_audio

(boolean)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. Whether the camera supports audio. Audio is disabled unless this flag is set to True.

Default value:

False

max_width

(integer)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. Maximum width supported by camera. Used when generating advertised video resolutions.

Default value:

1920

max_height

(integer)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. Maximum height supported by camera. Used when generating advertised video resolutions.

Default value:

1080

max_fps

(integer)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. Maximum fps supported by camera. Used when generating advertised video resolutions.

Default value:

30

audio_map

(string)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. FFmpeg stream selection mapping for the audio-only stream. Selects the first audio stream in the input stream by default. If your input stream has multiple audio streams, this may need to be adjusted.

Default value:

0:a:0

video_map

(string)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. FFmpeg stream selection mapping for the video-only stream. Selects the first video stream in the input stream by default. If your input stream has multiple video streams, this may need to be adjusted.

Default value:

0:v:0

audio_packet_size

(integer)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. RTP packet size used for streaming audio to HomeKit clients.

Default value:

188

video_packet_size

(integer)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. RTP packet size used for streaming video to HomeKit clients.

Default value:

1316

video_codec

(string)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. FFmpeg video codec for transcoding. copy option reduces CPU load when video source already encoded with H264 (MPEG4). h264_omx option is only available with custom FFmpeg builds and enables GPU Hardware acceleration on Raspberry Pi.

Default value:

libx264

audio_codec

(string)(Optional)

Only for camera entities. FFmpeg audio codec for transcoding. copy option reduces CPU load when audio source already encoded with libopus.

Default value:

libopus

Setup

To enable the HomeKit integration in Home Assistant, add the following to your configuration file:

# Example for HomeKit setup
homekit:

After Home Assistant has started, the entities specified by the filter are exposed to HomeKit if they are supported. To add them:

  1. Open the Home Assistant frontend. A new card will display the pairing QR code and the pin code as seen in the example below. Note: If pin code is not displayed, check “Notifications” (the bell icon) in the lower-left of the Home Assistant UI.
  2. Open the Home app.
  3. Click Add Accessory, then scan the QR code or select Don't Have a Code or Can't Scan? and choose the Home Assistant Bridge.
  4. Confirm that you are adding an Uncertified Accessory by clicking on Add Anyway.
  5. Enter the PIN code (skip this step if you scanned the QR code).
  6. Follow the setup by clicking on Next and lastly Done in the top right-hand corner.
  7. The Home Assistant Bridge and the Accessories should now be listed in the Home app.

After the setup is completed, you should be able to control your Home Assistant integrations through Apple’s Home and Siri.

Move Home Assistant install

If you like to retain your HomeKit pairing through a move to a new Home Assistant device or installation, besides copying the configurations files you need to copy the .storage/homekit.* file inside your configurations directory. Keep in mind though that the file is usually hidden by default, depending on your operating system.

Before you copy it, make sure to stop the old and new Home Assistant instances first entirely, otherwise it won’t work.

Considerations

Accessory ID

Currently, this integration uses the entity_id to generate a unique accessory id (aid) for HomeKit. The aid is used to identify a device and save all configurations made for it. This, however, means that if you decide to change an entity_id that does not have a unique_id, all configurations for this accessory made in the Home app will be lost.

Device Limit

The HomeKit Accessory Protocol Specification only allow a maximum of 150 unique accessories (aid) per bridge. Be mindful of this when configuring the filter(s). If you plan on exceeding the 150 device limit, it is possible to create multiple bridges. If you need specific configuration for some entities via entity_config be sure to add them to a bridge configured via YAML.

Persistence Storage

Unfortunately, HomeKit doesn’t support any persistent storage - only the configuration for accessories that are added to the Home Assistant Bridge are kept. To avoid problems, it is recommended to use an automation to always start HomeKit with at least the same entities setup. If, for some reason, some entities are not set up, their configuration will be deleted. (State unknown or similar will not cause any issues.)

A common situation might be if you decide to disable parts of the configuration for testing. Please make sure to disable auto start and turn off the Start HomeKit automation (if you have one).

Disable Auto Start

Depending on your setup, it might be necessary to disable Auto Start for all accessories to be available for HomeKit. Only those entities that are fully set up when the HomeKit integration is started, can be added. To start HomeKit when auto_start: false, you can call the service homekit.start.

If you have Z-Wave entities you want to be exposed to HomeKit, then you’ll need to disable auto start and then start it after the Z-Wave mesh is ready. This is because the Z-Wave entities won’t be fully set up until then. This can be automated using an automation.

Please remember that you can only have a single automation entry. Add the automation to your existing automations.

# Example for Z-Wave
homekit:
  auto_start: false

automation:
  - alias: 'Start HomeKit'
    trigger:
      - platform: event
        event_type: zwave.network_ready
      - platform: event
        event_type: zwave.network_complete
      - platform: event
        event_type: zwave.network_complete_some_dead
    action:
      - service: homekit.start

For a general delay where your integration doesn’t generate an event, you can also do:

# Example using a delay after the start of Home Assistant
homekit:
  auto_start: false

automation:
  - alias: 'Start HomeKit'
    trigger:
      - platform: homeassistant
        event: start
    action:
      - delay: 00:05  # Waits 5 minutes
      - service: homekit.start

In some cases it might be desirable to check that all entities are available before starting HomeKit. This can be accomplished by adding an additional binary_sensor as follows:

# Example checking specific entities to be available before start
homekit:
  auto_start: false

automation:
  - alias: 'Start HomeKit'
    trigger:
      - platform: homeassistant
        event: start
    action:
      - wait_template: >-
          {% if not states.light.kitchen_lights %}
            false
          {% elif not states.sensor.outside_temperature %}
            false
          # Repeat for every entity
          {% else %}
            true
          {% endif %}
        timeout: 00:15  # Waits 15 minutes
        continue_on_timeout: false
      - service: homekit.start

Configure Filter

By default, no entity will be excluded. To limit which entities are being exposed to HomeKit, you can use the filter parameter. Keep in mind only supported components can be added.

# Example filter to include specified domains and exclude specified entities
homekit:
  filter:
    include_domains:
      - alarm_control_panel
      - light
    exclude_entities:
      - light.kitchen_light

Filters are applied as follows:

  1. No includes or excludes - pass all entities
  2. Includes, no excludes - only include specified entities
  3. Excludes, no includes - only exclude specified entities
  4. Both includes and excludes:
    • Include domain specified
      • if domain is included, and entity not excluded, pass
      • if domain is not included, and entity not included, fail
    • Exclude domain specified
      • if domain is excluded, and entity not included, fail
      • if domain is not excluded, and entity not excluded, pass
      • if both include and exclude domains specified, the exclude domains are ignored
    • Neither include or exclude domain specified
      • if entity is included, pass (as #2 above)
      • if entity include and exclude, the entity exclude is ignored

Safe Mode

The safe_mode option should only be used (and only works) if you encounter issues during the pairing. (Pairing hangs - zeroconf error).

To use safe_mode, add the option to your homekit configuration:

homekit:
  safe_mode: true

Restart your Home Assistant instance. If you don’t see a pincode, follow the guide here. Now you should be able to pair normally.

To avoid any errors, after you have successfully paired your Home Assistant Bridge, remove the safe_mode option from your configuration and restart Home Assistant.

Docker Network Isolation

The advertise_ip option can be used to run this integration even inside an ephemeral Docker container with network isolation enabled, e.g., not using the host network.

You may also need to set zeroconf_default_interface to true.

To use advertise_ip, add the option to your homekit configuration:

homekit:
  advertise_ip: "STATIC_IP_OF_YOUR_DOCKER_HOST"
  zeroconf_default_interface: true

Restart your Home Assistant instance. This feature requires running an mDNS forwarder on your Docker host, e.g., avahi-daemon in reflector mode. This kind of setup most likely requires safe_mode during the bridge setup.

Firewall

If you have a firewall configured on your Home Assistant system, make sure you open the following ports:

  • UDP: 5353
  • TCP: 51827 (or the configured/used port in the integration settings).

Supported Components

The following integrations are currently supported:

Component Type Name Description
alarm_control_panel SecuritySystem All security systems.
automation / input_boolean / remote / scene / script / vacuum Switch All represented as switches.
binary_sensor Sensor Support for co2, door, garage_door, gas, moisture, motion, occupancy, opening, smoke and window device classes. Defaults to the occupancy device class for everything else.
camera Camera All camera devices. HomeKit Secure Video is not supported at this time.
climate Thermostat All climate devices.
cover GarageDoorOpener All covers that support open and close and have garage or gate as their device_class.
cover WindowCovering All covers that support set_cover_position.
cover WindowCovering All covers that support open_cover and close_cover through value mapping. (open -> >=50; close -> <50)
cover WindowCovering All covers that support open_cover, stop_cover and close_cover through value mapping. (open -> >70; close -> <30; stop -> every value in between)
device_tracker / person Sensor Support for occupancy device class.
fan Fan Support for on / off, direction and oscillating.
fan Fan All fans that support speed and speed_list through value mapping: speed_list is assumed to contain values in ascending order. The numeric ranges of HomeKit map to a corresponding entry of speed_list. The first entry of speed_list should be equivalent to off to match HomeKit’s concept of fan speeds. (Example: speed_list = [off, low, high]; off -> <= 33; low -> between 33 and 66; high -> > 66)
light Light Support for on / off, brightness and rgb_color.
lock DoorLock Support for lock / unlock.
media_player MediaPlayer Represented as a series of switches which control on / off, play / pause, play / stop, or mute depending on supported_features of entity and the mode list specified in entity_config.
media_player TelevisionMediaPlayer All media players that have tv as their device_class. Represented as Television and Remote accessories in HomeKit to control on / off, play / pause, select source, or volume increase / decrease, depending on supported_features of entity. Requires iOS 12.2/macOS 10.14.4 or later.
sensor TemperatureSensor All sensors that have Celsius or Fahrenheit as their unit_of_measurement or temperature as their device_class.
sensor HumiditySensor All sensors that have % as their unit_of_measurement and humidity as their device_class.
sensor AirQualitySensor All sensors that have pm25 as part of their entity_id or pm25 as their device_class
sensor CarbonMonoxideSensor All sensors that have co as their device_class
sensor CarbonDioxideSensor All sensors that have co2 as part of their entity_id or co2 as their device_class
sensor LightSensor All sensors that have lm or lx as their unit_of_measurement or illuminance as their device_class
switch Switch Represented as a switch by default but can be changed by using type within entity_config.
water_heater WaterHeater All water_heater devices.

Troubleshooting

Resetting when created via YAML

  1. Delete the HomeKit Bridge integration in the Integrations screen.
  2. Restart Home Assistant.
  3. The configuration will be automaticlly reimported from YAML.
  4. Pair the bridge.

Resetting when created via the Integrations screen

  1. Delete the HomeKit Bridge integration in the Integrations screen.
  2. Recreate the HomeKit Bridge integration in the Integrations screen.
  3. Pair the bridge.

Errors during pairing

If you encounter any issues during pairing, make sure to add the following to your configuration.yaml

logger:
  default: warning
  logs:
    homeassistant.components.homekit: debug
    pyhap: debug

Follow the above instructions for Resetting

Minimal Configuration

If pairing still fails after trying the steps in (Errors during pairing), it may be caused by a specific entity. Try resetting with a minimal configuration:

homekit:
  filter:
    include_entities:
      - demo.demo

PIN doesn’t appear as persistent status

You might have paired the Home Assistant Bridge already. If not, follow the above instructions for Resetting

Home Assistant Bridge doesn’t appear in the Home App (for pairing)

This is often setup and network related. Make sure to check the other issues below as well, but things that might work include:

  • Check your router configuration
  • Try with Wi-Fi and LAN
  • Change the default port

Remember that the iOS device needs to be in the same local network as the Home Assistant device for pairing.

Home Assistant Bridge doesn’t appear in the Home App (for pairing) - Docker

Set network_mode: host in your docker-compose.yaml. If you have further problems this issue might help.

You can also try to use avahi-daemon in reflector mode together with the option advertise_ip, see above.

Home Assistant Bridge doesn’t appear in the Home App (for pairing) - VirtualBox

Configure the network mode as networkbridge. Otherwise the Home Assistant Bridge won’t be exposed to the network.

Pairing hangs - zeroconf error

Pairing eventually fails, you might see and an error message NonUniqueNameException. Add the safe_mode option to your configuration, see safe_mode.

If safe_mode is not successful, you likely need to enable zeroconf_default_interface: true and set a unique name such as name: MyHASS42.

If you had previously paired (even unsuccessfully), you may need to delete your .homekit.state file in order to able to successfully pair again. See Errors during pairing.

Pairing hangs - only works with debug configuration

Pairing works fine when the filter is set to only include demo.demo, but fails with normal configuration. See specific entity doesn’t work

Pairing hangs - no error

  1. Make sure that you don’t try to add more than 150 accessories, see device limit. In rare cases, one of your entities doesn’t work with the HomeKit component. Use the filter to find out which one. Feel free to open a new issue in the home-assistant repository, so we can resolve it.
  2. Check logs, and search for Starting accessory Home Assistant Bridge on address. Make sure Home Assistant Bridge hook up to a correct interface. If it did not, explicitly set homekit.ip_address configuration variable.

Duplicate AID found when attempting to add accessory

Two of your entities share the same entity_id. Either resolve this or configure the filter to exclude them.

Issues during normal use

Some of my devices don’t show up - Z-Wave / Discovery

See disable auto start

My entity doesn’t show up

Check if the domain of your entity is supported. If it is, check your filter settings. Make sure the spelling is correct, especially if you use include_entities.

HomeKit doesn’t work on second Home Assistant instance

To use the HomeKit integration with to different Home Assistant instances on the same local network, you need to set a custom name for at least one of them. config/name

Specific entity doesn’t work

Although we try our best, some entities don’t work with the HomeKit integration yet. The result will be that either pairing fails completely or all Home Assistant accessories will stop working. Use the filter to identify which entity is causing the issue. It’s best to try pairing and step by step including more entities. If it works unpair and repeat until you find the one that is causing the issues. To help others and the developers, please open a new issue here: home-assistant/issues/new

If you have any iOS 12.x devices signed into your iCloud account, media player entities with device_class: tv may trigger this condition. Filtering the entity or signing the iOS 12.x device out of iCloud should resolve the issue after restarting other devices.

Accessories are all listed as not responding

See specific entity doesn’t work

Accessory not responding - after restart or update

See resetting accessories

Accessory not responding - randomly

Unfortunately, that sometimes happens at the moment. It might help to close the Home App and delete it from the cache. Usually, the accessory should get back to responding after a few minutes at most.

The linked battery sensor isn’t recognized

Try removing the entity from HomeKit and then adding it again. If you are adding this configuration option to an existing entity in HomeKit, any changes you make to this entity’s configuration options won’t appear until the accessory is removed from HomeKit and then re-added. See resetting accessories.

My media player is not showing up as a television accessory

Media Player entities with device_class: tv will show up as Television accessories on devices running iOS 12.2/macOS 10.14.4 or later. If needed, try removing the entity from HomeKit and then adding it again, especially if the media_player was previously exposed as a series of switches. Any changes, including changed supported features, made to an existing accessory won’t appear until the accessory is removed from HomeKit and then re-added. See resetting accessories.

Can’t control volume of your TV media player?

The volume and play/pause controls will show up on the Remote app or Control Center. If your TV supports volume control through Home Assistant, you will be able to control the volume using the side volume buttons on the device while having the remote selected on screen.

Camera video is not streaming

Ensure that the ffmpeg integration is configured correctly. Verify that your stream is directly playable with ffplay <stream_source> or VLC Media Player. If you have changed your camera’s entity configuration, you may need to reset the accessory.

Cameras streaming is unstable or slow

If your camera supports native H.264 streams, Home Assistant can avoid converting the video stream, which is an expensive operation. To enable native H.264 streaming when configured via YAML, change the video_codec to copy. To allow native H.264 streaming when via the UI, go to Configuration >> Integrations in the UI, click Options for your HomeKit Bridge, and check the box for your camera on the Cameras that support native H.264 streams screen.

One video stream limit per camera

Currently, cameras are limited to one video stream. Multiple streams are not possible at this time. One workaround is to create a second HomeKit Bridge to generate a copy of the camera accessory.

Camera audio is not streaming

Make sure support_audio is True in the camera’s entity configuration.

HomeKit stalls or devices respond slowly with many cameras

HomeKit updates each camera snapshot sequentially when there are multiple cameras on a bridge. The HomeKit update methodology can lead to the app stalling or taking a while to update. To avoid this problem, limit each HomeKit Bridge to 6 cameras and create a new HomeKit Bridge for additional cameras.

Resetting accessories

You may use the service homekit.reset_accessory with one or more entity_ids to reset accessories whose configuration may have changed. This can be useful when changing a media_player’s device class to tv, linking a battery, or whenever Home Assistant adds support for new HomeKit features to existing entities.

On earlier versions of Home Assistant, you can reset accessories by removing the entity from HomeKit (via filter) and then re-adding the accessory.

With either strategy, the accessory will behave as if it’s the first time the accessory has been set up, so you will need to restore the name, group, room, scene, and/or automation settings.