The ESP8266 and ESP32 are dirt cheap WiFi-enabled microcontrollers that have established themselves as the base for many DIY home automation projects. Even quite a few manufacturers like iTead with their Sonoff devices have chosen these controllers because of their competitive price.
Setting up these microcontrollers for some basic functionality has also gotten really easy over the years with popular projects like ESPEasy or Sonoff-Tasmota: You just download their firmware and flash it onto your chip. But if you’ve ever tried to go a bit beyond the basic set of functions of those frameworks and tried to do some customization, you will have probably noticed that it’s not that easy. Often times you’ll end up having to download some Arduino code project from the internet and customizing it to your needs.
This is where esphomelib comes in: The esphomelib suite is a set of tools that are designed with the goal of achieving the best possible user experience. esphomelib a) allows for lots of customization without touching a single line of code and b) has complete Home Assistant integration. Inside the esphomelib ecosystem, you essentially just have to write a simple YAML configuration file. The rest like compiling, flashing, uploading etc. will then be taken care of automatically.
An example probably illustrates this the best. To use esphomeyaml, there are two main ways: From a HassIO add-on, or from the command line. For the esphomeyaml add-on, you just have to add “https://github.com/esphome/esphome” as an add-on repository (see Installing third party add-ons). Then select and install “esphomeyaml” and wait for the installation to complete. After that, you will be able to start the add-on and view the web interface.
From the command line you just need to install the Python 2 package using the pip command seen below. Then visit
localhost:6052 to view the dashboard.
pip2 install esphomeyaml
esphomeyaml config/ dashboard
# Alternative for docker users:
docker run --rm -p 6052:6052 -p 6123:6123 -v "$PWD":/config ottowinter/esphomeyaml /config dashboard
Once in the dashboard interface, you will be greeted by a small setup wizard that will help you get started with esphomeyaml and create a basic configuration. You should end up with a configuration file like this.
At this point, you can already flash the firmware. To do this, first plug in the USB cable of the ESP into a USB port of the device esphomeyaml is running on and wait until you see a “Discovered new serial port” message (in some cases you need to restart the add-on). Select the upload port in the top navigation bar and press the big “UPLOAD” button. If everything succeeds, you should now have a functioning esphomelib node and see the debug logs 🎉
Above configuration is, let’s face it, pretty dull. It really only connects to WiFi and MQTT and sits idle. So let’s add a basic GPIO switch! The GPIO switch component in esphomelib allows you to control the ON/OFF state of any of the pins on your ESP. For example, if you add this configuration to the bottom of your YAML file, you’re setting up the pin
GPIO5 to be controlled as a switch with the name “Living Room Dehumidifer”.
- platform: gpio
name: "Living Room Dehumidifer"
If you now press upload again (this time the ESP doesn’t need to be connected via USB, as updates can be done over WiFi), you will see a switch show up in Home Assistant automatically through MQTT discovery.