Nmap Tracker

As an alternative to the router-based device tracking, it is possible to directly scan the network for devices by using Nmap. The IP addresses to scan can be specified in any format that Nmap understands, including the network-prefix notation ( and the range notation (

Please keep in mind that modern smart phones will usually turn off WiFi when they are idle. Simple trackers like this may not be reliable on their own.

If you are running Home Assistant Core in a Python virtual environment, you might have to install the packages for arp and nmap. On Debian based hosts (for example Raspbian) do so by running sudo apt-get install net-tools nmap. On a Fedora host run sudo dnf -y install nmap.


Adding Nmap Tracker to your Home Assistant instance can be done via the user interface, by using this My button:

Manual configuration steps

An example of how the Nmap scanner can be customized: nmap customization example

Network addresses to scan

Network range to scan using CIDR notation. In the example above it will scan addresses from to

Minimum number of minutes between scans of active devices

Frequency of the scans. The lower the number, the quicker it will detect devices connected and disconnected usually at the cost of the devices battery life. The example above will scan every minute.

Network addresses to exclude from scanning

A comma-separated list of IP addresses not to scan. The above example will skip

Raw configurable scan options for Nmap

Nmap command line parameters which can be used to configure how Nmap scans the network. For more details see Nmap reference guide.

Linux capabilities

On Linux systems (such as Hass.io) you can extend the functionality of Nmap, without having to run it as root, by using Linux capabilities. Be sure to specify the full path to wherever you installed Nmap:

sudo setcap cap_net_raw,cap_net_admin,cap_net_bind_service+eip /usr/bin/nmap

And you can set up the device tracker scan options with --privileged -sn

See the device tracker integration page for instructions how to configure the people to be tracked.