As an alternative to the router-based device tracking, it is possible to directly scan the network for devices by using Nmap. The IP addresses to scan can be specified in any format that Nmap understands, including the network-prefix notation (
192.168.1.1/24) and the range notation (
You might have to install the packages for
nmap. On Debian based hosts (for example Raspbian) do so by running
$ sudo apt-get install net-tools nmap. On a Fedora host run
$ sudo dnf -y install nmap.
If you are using Hass.io then just move forward to the configuration as all requirements are already fulfilled.
Host detection is done via Nmap’s “fast scan” (
-F) of the most frequently used 100 ports, with a host timeout of 5 seconds.
To use this device tracker in your installation, add the following to your
# Example configuration.yaml entry device_tracker: - platform: nmap_tracker hosts: 192.168.1.0/24
The network address to scan (in any supported Nmap format). Mixing subnets and IPs is possible.
The number of minutes Nmap will not scan this device, assuming it is home, in order to preserve the device battery.
Hosts not to include in Nmap scanning. Scanning the host where Home Assistant is running can cause problems (websocket error and authentication failures), so excluding that host is a good idea.
Configurable scan options for Nmap.
-F –host-timeout 5s
A full example for the
nmap tracker could look like the following sample:
# Example configuration.yaml entry for Nmap # One whole subnet, and skipping two specific IPs. device_tracker: - platform: nmap_tracker hosts: 192.168.1.0/24 home_interval: 10 exclude: - 192.168.1.12 - 192.168.1.13
# Example configuration.yaml for Nmap # One subnet, and two specific IPs in another subnet. device_tracker: - platform: nmap_tracker hosts: - 192.168.1.0/24 - 10.0.0.2 - 10.0.0.15
In the above example, Nmap will be call with the process:
nmap -oX - 192.168.1.1/24 10.0.0.2 10.0.0.15 -F --host-timeout 5s
An example of how the Nmap scanner can be customized:
On Linux systems (such as Hass.io) you can extend the functionality of Nmap, without having to run it as root, by using Linux capabilities. Be sure to specify the full path to wherever you installed Nmap:
$ sudo setcap cap_net_raw,cap_net_admin,cap_net_bind_service+eip /usr/bin/nmap
And you can set up the device tracker as
- platform: nmap_tracker hosts: 192.168.1.1-25 scan_options: " --privileged -sP "
See the device tracker integration page for instructions how to configure the people to be tracked.