Synology DSM


The synology_dsm sensor platform provides access to various statistics from your Synology NAS.

Configuration

There are two ways to integrate your Synology DSM into Home Assistant.

Via the frontend

Menu: Configuration -> Integrations. Search for “Synology DSM”, fill in the configuration form with your username and password, and then click Submit.

Via the configuration file

Add the following section to your configuration.yaml file:

# Example configuration.yaml entry
synology_dsm:
  - host: IP_ADDRESS_OR_HOSTNAME_OF_SYNOLOGY_NAS
    username: YOUR_USERNAME
    password: YOUR_PASSWORD

Configuration Variables

host

(string)(Required)

The IP address or DNS hostname of the Synology NAS to monitor.

port

(integer)(Optional)

The port number on which the Synology NAS is reachable.

Default value:

5001 if ssl is true, 5000 if ssl is false

ssl

(boolean)(Optional)

Determine if HTTPS should be used.

Default value:

true

username

(string)(Required)

The account username to connect to the Synology NAS. Using a separate account is advised, see the Separate User Configuration section below for details.

password

(string)(Required)

The password of the user to connect to the Synology NAS.

volumes

(list)(Optional)

Array of volumes to monitor. Defaults to all volumes. Replace any spaces in the volume name with underscores. For example, replace volume 1 with volume_1.

disks

(list)(Optional)

Array of disks to monitor. Defaults to all disks. Use only disk names like sda, sdb, and so on.

This sensor will wake up your Synology NAS if it’s in hibernation mode.

You can change the scan interal within the configuration options (default is 15 min).

Separate User Configuration

Due to the nature of the Synology DSM API, it is required to grant the user admin rights. This is related to the fact that utilization information is stored in the core module.

When creating the user, it is possible to deny access to all locations and applications. By doing this, the user will not be able to login to the web interface or view any of the files on the Synology NAS. It is still able to read the utilization and storage information using the API.

Sensors

Utilisation:

  • cpu_other_load: Displays unspecified (that is, not user or system) load in percentage.
  • cpu_user_load: Displays user load in percentage.
  • cpu_system_load: Displays system load in percentage.
  • cpu_total_load: Displays combined load in percentage.
  • cpu_1min_load: Displays maximum load in past minute.
  • cpu_5min_load: Displays maximum load in past 5 minutes.
  • cpu_15min_load: Displays maximum load in past 15 minutes.
  • memory_real_usage: Displays percentage of memory used.
  • memory_size: Displays total size of memory in MB.
  • memory_cached: Displays total size of cache in MB.
  • memory_available_swap: Displays total size of available swap in MB.
  • memory_available_real: Displays total size of memory used (based on real memory) in MB.
  • memory_total_swap: Displays total size of actual memory in MB.
  • memory_total_real: Displays total size of real memory in MB.
  • network_up: Displays total up speed of network interfaces (combines all interfaces).
  • network_down: Displays total down speed of network interfaces (combines all interfaces).

For each disk:

  • disk_smart_status: Displays the S.M.A.R.T status of the disk.
  • disk_status: Displays the status of the disk.
  • disk_temp: Displays the temperature of the disk.

For each volume:

  • volume_status: Displays the status of the volume.
  • volume_size_total: Displays the total size of the volume in TB’s.
  • volume_size_used: Displays the used space on this volume in TB’s.
  • volume_percentage_used: Displays the percentage used for this volume.
  • volume_disk_temp_avg: Displays the average temperature of all disks in the volume.
  • volume_disk_temp_max: Displays the maximum temperature of all disks in the volume.

Binary sensors

Security:

  • security_status: Displays safe to indicate if the NAS is safe.

For each disk:

  • disk_exceed_bad_sector_thr: Displays on to indicate if the disk exceeded the maximum bad sector threshold. (Does not work with DSM 5.x)
  • disk_below_remain_life_thr: Displays on to indicate if the disk dropped below the remain life threshold. (Does not work with DSM 5.x)