Mikrotik


The mikrotik platform offers presence detection by looking at connected devices to a MikroTik RouterOS based router.

There is currently support for the following device types within Home Assistant:

  • Presence Detection

Prerequisites

You have to enable accessing the RouterOS API on your router to use this platform.

Terminal:

/ip service
set api disabled=no port=8728

Web Frontend:

Go to IP -> Services -> API and enable it.

Make sure that port 8728 or the port you choose is accessible from your network.

Configuration

Adding Mikrotik to your Home Assistant instance can be done via the user interface, by using this My button:

Manual configuration steps

Use a certificate

To use SSL to connect to the API (via api-ssl instead of api service) further configuration is required at RouterOS side. You have to upload or generate a certificate and configure api-ssl service to use it. Here is an example of a self-signed certificate:

/certificate add common-name="Self signed demo certificate for API" days-valid=3650 name="Self signed demo certificate for API" key-usage=digital-signature,key-encipherment,tls-server,key-cert-sign,crl-sign
/certificate sign "Self signed demo certificate for API"
/ip service set api-ssl certificate="Self signed demo certificate for API"
/ip service enable api-ssl

If everything is working fine you can disable the pure api service in RouterOS:

/ip service disable api

The user privileges in RouterOS

To use this device tracker you need restricted privileges only. To enhance the security of your MikroTik device create a “read only” user who is able to connect to API and perform ping test only:

/user group add name=homeassistant policy=read,api,!local,!telnet,!ssh,!ftp,!reboot,!write,!policy,test,!winbox,!password,!web,!sniff,!sensitive,!romon,!dude,!tikapp
/user add group=homeassistant name=homeassistant
/user set password="YOUR_PASSWORD" homeassistant