Installation on CentOS/RHEL


To run Python 3.x on CentOS or RHEL (Red Hat Enterprise Linux), Software Collections needs to be activated first.

Using Software Collections

First of all install the software collection repository as root and scl utils. For example, on CentOS:

$ sudo yum install centos-release-scl
$ sudo yum-config-manager --enable centos-sclo-rh-testing
$ sudo yum install -y scl-utils

Install some dependencies you’ll need later.

$ sudo yum install gcc gcc-c++ systemd-devel

Then install the Python 3.6 package. If you are using CentOS 7 then you may have to install the packages for Python 3.6 using RHEL Methods listed here: https://www.softwarecollections.org/en/scls/rhscl/rh-python36/) for this to work as mentioned above.

$ sudo yum install rh-python36

This is part of the slight change when trying to install Python 3.6 and running the command python36 --version which will after install give you the correct version, but won’t allow you to set the software collection using the scl command. This command downloads the RH collection of Python to allow you to run scl command to enable the environment in bash and then run the automate command using the template.

$ yum install rh-python36

Start using software collections

$ scl enable rh-python36 bash

Once installed, switch to your homeassistant user (if you’ve set one up), enable the software collection and check that it has set up the new version of Python:

$ python --version
Python 3.6.3

You will be in a command shell set up with Python 3.6 as your default version. The virtualenv and pip commands will be correct for this version, so you can now create a virtual environment and install Home Assistant following the main instructions.

You will need to enable the software collection each time you log on before you activate your virtual environment.

Systemd with Software Collections

To autostart Home Assistant using systemd follow the main instructions and adjust the template as follows:

[Unit]
Description=Home Assistant
After=network.target

[Service]
Type=simple
User=homeassistant
# Make sure the virtualenv Python binary is used
Environment=VIRTUAL_ENV="/srv/homeassistant"
Environment=PATH="$VIRTUAL_ENV/bin:$PATH"
# ExecStart using software collection:
ExecStart=/usr/bin/scl enable rh-python36 -- /srv/homeassistant/bin/hass -c "/home/homeassistant/.homeassistant"

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target