Norwegian Institute for Air Research


The nilu air quality platform shows measurements of current air quality from NILU (Norsk Institutt for luftforskning/Norwegian Institute for Air Research) sensor stations within Norway. Makes data from the open API at luftkvalitet.info and nilu.no available in Home Assistant.

Configuration

To enable this platform, add the following lines to your configuration.yaml file:

# Example configuration.yaml entry
air_quality:
  - platform: nilu

Configuration Variables

latitude

(number)(Optional)Manually specify latitude. By default, the value will be taken from the Home Assistant configuration.

Default value: Provided by Home Assistant configuration.

longitude

(number)(Optional)Manually specify longitude. By default, the value will be taken from the Home Assistant configuration.

Default value: Provided by Home Assistant configuration.

name

(string)(Optional)Name of the sensor to use in the frontend.

Default value: NILU

area

(string)(Exclusive)Name of an area to get sensor stations from. See available areas below.

stations

(string)(Exclusive)Name of a specific station to get measurements from.

show_on_map

(boolean)(Optional)Option to show the position of the sensor station on the map.

Default value: false

Health risk index explainations

Under the attributes from a NILU station, there will be a nilu pollution index. This indicates how polluted the air is in the area around the sensor station. Following is a longer explanation of what the indexes mean.

Low

Low or no health risk linked to measured air pollution. Outdoor activites are recommended.

Moderate

Health effects may occur in some asthmatics and people with other respiratory diseases, as well as serious cardiovascular diseases. Outdoor activity can be recommended for the vast majority, but some should consider their activity in areas with high traffic or high emissions.

High

Health effects may occur in asthmatics and people with other respiratory diseases, as well as serious cardiovascular disease. Children with respiratory distress (asthma, bronchitis) and adults with severe cardiac or respiratory distress should reduce outdoor activity and not stay in the most polluted areas.

Extremely high

Sensitive groups in the population can have health effects. Respiratory irritation and discomfort may occur in healthy subjects. People with heart or respiratory distress should reduce outdoor activity and not stay in the most polluted areas.

Source: Explainations in Norwegian

Available areas

The area configuration is restricted to the areas NILU has defined. Here is the list of available areas:

  • Bergen
  • Birkenes
  • Bodø
  • Brumunddal
  • Bærum
  • Drammen
  • Elverum
  • Fredrikstad
  • Gjøvik
  • Grenland
  • Halden
  • Hamar
  • Harstad
  • Hurdal
  • Karasjok
  • Kristiansand
  • Kårvatn
  • Lillehammer
  • Lillesand
  • Lillestrøm
  • Lørenskog
  • Mo i Rana
  • Moss
  • Narvik
  • Oslo
  • Prestebakke
  • Sandve
  • Sarpsborg
  • Stavanger
  • Sør-Varanger
  • Tromsø
  • Trondheim
  • Tustervatn
  • Zeppelinfjellet
  • Ålesund

Configuration examples

Example of adding health risk monitoring from sensor stations around the Home Assistant location.

# Example configuration.yaml entry
# Adds all sensor stations within 20km.
air_quality:
  - platform: nilu

Example where the sensors are also added to the map.

# Example configuration.yaml entry
# Adds all sensor stations within 20km.
# Additionally adds the sensors to the map.
air_quality:
  - platform: nilu
    show_on_map: True

Example of a specific station.

# Example configuration.yaml entry
# Monitors stations 'Alnabru'
air_quality:
  - platform: nilu
    stations:
      - Alnabru

Example of getting stations from a specified area, giving the sensors a custom name.

# Example configuration.yaml entry
# Stations from specific area, 'Bergen'
# Custom name for the sensors.
air_quality:
  - platform: nilu
    area: Bergen
    name: Forurensing Bergen